West Bengal is one of the largest states in India by population. Kolkata, the capital of the state of West Bengal, was once India’s capital. The state is one of the least developed states in India compared to Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Goa. However, the state of West Bengal is ahead in many sectors and development areas.
So, let’s have a look at the list of amazing, interesting, funny, mind blowing, best, famous, and important facts about West Bengal. Let’s enjoy!
14 Interesting, Famous and Amazing Facts About West Bengal
1. Surrounded By Countries
West Bengal is surrounded by a few countries, including the Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.
2. Fourth Largest State
West Bengal is the fourth largest state in India by population. The population of West Bengal is 91,347,736.
3. One of the Highest Literacy Rates in India
West Bengal literacy rate is 77.08%, which is one of the highest literacy rates in India.
4. Population Density
The population density of the state of West Bengal is 1000 per sq. km.
5. Kolkata was once the capital of India
During the British Era, Kolkata was the capital of India before the construction of Delhi capital.
6. Sixth Largest Contributor
West Bengal state is the sixth-largest contributor to India’s net domestic product.
7. Official of West Bengal
- Flower: Night-flowering jasmine
- Tree: Chatim Tree
- Song: Rabindra Sangeet
- Bird: White-throated kingfisher
- Dance: Gaudiya Nritya
- River: Hooghly and Damodar
- Sport: Football
- Animal: Fishing Cat
8. Ram Mohan Roy
Ram Mohan Roy is considered and regarded as the “Father of the Bengali renaissance”.
9. Given Many Great Leaders
West Bengal has given many great leaders and great persons, includes Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Rabindranath Tagore, Khudiram Bose, Matangini Hazra, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, and many more.
10. Main political parties in WB
All India Trinamool Congress, Indian National Congress, Left Front Alliance (The Communist Party of India, CPI(M) or Marxist), Bharatiya Janata Party, and Aam Aadmi Party.
11. Oldest Metro in India
Kolkata Metro is the oldest metro in India, which was started on October 24, 1984.
12. Popular Tourist Attractions
West Bengal has a good number of popular tourist attractions, some of them are, Victoria Memorial, Eden Gardens, Indian Museum, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Tiger Hill, Howrah Bridge, Peace Pagoda (Darjeeling), Kalighat Kali Temple, and many more.
13. Hinduism and Islam Are Popular Religions in West Bengal
Hinduism is the most popular religion in the state of West Bengal with a population of 70.53%. While Islam is the second largest religion in West Bengal with a population of 27.01%.
14. Popular Festivals in West Bengal
Durga Puja, Poila Baishakh, Eid ul-Fitr, Kali Puja, Muharram, Rathayatra, Laxmi Puja, Christmas, and Saraswati Puja are the most popular festivals in West Bengal.
Article first published on May 15, 2016.