West Bengal

West Bengal is one of the largest states in India by population. Kolkata, the capital of the state of West Bengal, was once India’s capital. The state is one of the least developed states in India compared to Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Goa. However, the state of West Bengal is ahead in many sectors and development areas.

So, let’s have a look at the list of amazing, interesting, funny, mind blowing, best, famous, and important facts about West Bengal. Let’s enjoy!

14 Interesting, Famous and Amazing Facts About West Bengal

1. Surrounded By Countries

West Bengal is surrounded by a few countries, including the Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.

West Bengal Map
West Bengal Map

2. Fourth Largest State

West Bengal is the fourth largest state in India by population. The population of West Bengal is 91,347,736.

3. One of the Highest Literacy Rates in India

West Bengal literacy rate is 77.08%, which is one of the highest literacy rates in India.

4. Population Density

The population density of the state of West Bengal is 1000 per sq. km.

5. Kolkata was once the capital of India

During the British Era, Kolkata was the capital of India before the construction of Delhi capital.

6. Sixth Largest Contributor

West Bengal state is the sixth-largest contributor to India’s net domestic product.

7. Official of West Bengal

  • Flower: Night-flowering jasmine
  • Tree: Chatim Tree
  • Song: Rabindra Sangeet
  • Bird: White-throated kingfisher
  • Dance: Gaudiya Nritya
  • River: Hooghly and Damodar
  • Sport: Football
  • Animal: Fishing Cat

8. Ram Mohan Roy

Ram Mohan Roy is considered and regarded as the “Father of the Bengali renaissance”.

Ram Mohan Roy
Ram Mohan Roy

9. Given Many Great Leaders

West Bengal has given many great leaders and great persons, includes Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Rabindranath Tagore, Khudiram Bose, Matangini Hazra, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, and many more.

Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore

10. Main political parties in WB

All India Trinamool Congress, Indian National Congress, Left Front Alliance (The Communist Party of India, CPI(M) or Marxist), Bharatiya Janata Party, and Aam Aadmi Party.

11. Oldest Metro in India

Kolkata Metro is the oldest metro in India, which was started on October 24, 1984.

Kolkata Metro
Kolkata Metro

12. Popular Tourist Attractions

West Bengal has a good number of popular tourist attractions, some of them are, Victoria Memorial, Eden Gardens, Indian Museum, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Tiger Hill, Howrah Bridge, Peace Pagoda (Darjeeling), Kalighat Kali Temple, and many more.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway

13. Hinduism and Islam Are Popular Religions in West Bengal

Hinduism is the most popular religion in the state of West Bengal with a population of 70.53%. While Islam is the second largest religion in West Bengal with a population of 27.01%.

14. Popular Festivals in West Bengal

Durga Puja, Poila Baishakh, Eid ul-Fitr, Kali Puja, Muharram, Rathayatra, Laxmi Puja, Christmas, and Saraswati Puja are the most popular festivals in West Bengal.

Durga Puja in Kolkata
Durga Puja in Kolkata

Article first published on May 15, 2016.

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1 Comment

  1. It’s simply ridiculous to say bengal have highest literacy rate

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