Indira Gandhi was the third Prime Minister of India from 1980 to 1984. She was widely known as “Iron Lady of India”. She was the only child of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. However, she is widely known for her decisions during the state of emergency from 1975 to 1977. Indira Gandhi was assassinated in 1984 by her Sikh bodyguards.
So, let’s read some of the most important, historical, interesting and quick facts about Indira Gandhi.
10 Interesting and Quick Facts About Indira Gandhi
1. Burnt Her Dolls When She Was 5
Indira Gandhi was a child revolutionary leader and her father was involved in many movements at the time. She burnt her dolls because the dolls were made in England. Indira Gandhi aka Indira Nehru was just 5 years old!
2. Her Father Was Close Associate of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was the close associate of India’s father of nation Mahatma Gandhi. Indira Nehru was ended up with having her last name as ‘Gandhi’.
3. Worked on Reducing Birth Rate
Indira Gandhi was widely known for his steps to reduce birth rate in India. She want India to prosper and reduce its population growth rate. Indira’s son, Sanjay worked particularly on reducing the birth rate. Even the Government of India given targets of sterilization. According to a 1977 article in TIME magazine, between April 1976 and January 1977, 7.8 million were sterilized (the initial target had been 4.3 million).
4. Fight Between Maneka Gandhi and Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi was the mother-in-law of Maneka Gandhi. Maneka married to Sanjay Gandhi and they have one son. Due to several times disagreement on various things, Maneka was ordered to leave the house as soon as possible. Maneka Gandhi said, “I have not done anything to merit being thrown out. I don’t understand why I am being attacked and held personally responsible. I am more loyal to my mother-in-law than even to my mother.”
5. Close Friend of Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Indira Gandhi was the close friend of another Iron lady Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher even sent a heart-touching letter to Rajiv Gandhi, the son of Indira Gandhi. The letter stated, “”I cannot describe to you my feelings at the news of the loss of your mother, except to say that it was like losing a member of my own family. Our many talks together had a closeness and mutual understanding which will always remain with me. She was not just a great statesman but a warm and caring person.”
6. Controversial Figure
Indira Gandhi was a controversial figure due to several of her steps and statements. She is widely known till date for her declaration of state of emergency in India for the first time.
7. Attack on Golden Temple
Indira Gandhi was widely criticized for her interference in the issue of Golden Temple. She ordered the Indian Army to enter into the temple and do the necessary attacks.
8. Assassination of Indira Gandhi
Due to her controversial steps, she was killed by her two bodyguards on October 31, 1984. The bodyguards were Beant Singh and Satwant Singh.
9. Cremated near Raj Ghat, New Delhi
Indira Gandhi was cremated on November 3 near the Raj Ghat, New Delhi.
10. Supporter of Palestine
Indira Gandhi was the strong supporter of Palestine in the Arab-Israeli conflict. She was also critical of the Middle East policy framed by the United States.
Article first published on April 17, 2016.